About San’in Kaigan Geopark
In December 2008, the San’in Kaigan Geopark was designated as a Japanese Geopark by the Japan Geopark Committee. On December 4 (December 3 local time), 2010, the San’in Kaigan Geopark was admitted to the Global Geoparks Network during a conference held on Lesvos Island, Greece.
In August 2014, four years after its designation in 2010, the San’in Kaigan Geopark received an on-site evaluation. On September 23 (September 22 local time), during the 6th International UNESCO Conference on Geoparks held in Stonehammer Global Geopark, Canada, the revalidation of the San’in Kaigan Geopark as a member of the Global Geoparks Network was decided. As a result, the San’in Kaigan Geopark will hold its position as a global geopark for another four years until 2018.
◆Themes and characteristics of the San’in Kaigan Geopark
The Geopark’s themes
Goelpgical features,the natural environment,people’s lives,
and the formation of the Sea of Japan
In the San’in Kaigan Geopark, there are varied terrain and geological conditions that range from the days when Japan was still part of the Asian Continent to today. The Geopark also has cultural and historical heritage that has developed in its diverse natural surroundings.
◆Geomorphological and geological features
（1）Distribution of various igneous rocks and sedimentary rock layers related to the formation of the Japan Sea and their exposure on the rocky coast
（2）Varied landforms along the coast of the Japan Sea
（3）Volcanic product and volcanic landform resulting from the igneous activity that continued after the formation of the Japan Sea
（4）Location where it was discovered that reversed period of geomagnetic field occurred in the Quaternary era (Basalt rock at Genbudo Cave)
（5）Abundant hot spring resources resulting from igneous activity
（6）Active faults and coastal terraces indicating Quaternary crustal movement that has appeared along the coast of the Japan Sea
◆The history of the earth of the San’in Kaigan divided into three periods
The process in which the land where the San’in Kaigan Geopark is located was formed can be largely divided into three parts, namely “the period when Japan was part of the Asian Continent,” “the period when Japan separated from the Asian Continent and the Japan Sea was being formed,” and “the period from when the Japanese Archipelago came into being to the present.”